Engagement Versus Motivation

Some experts advocate employee engagement, others are strong believers in motivational strategies. But one does not necessarily exclude the other. There can be circumstances where even an engaged employee can use some extra motivation. Having an overall engaged team should be the main goal of every leader. Engaged employees are a true asset for every organization, especially in difficult times. There is, however, quite some confusion about the difference between engagement and motivation.

Engagement

Engagement comes from 'within'. It is having belief in the 'cause'. Engaged people do what they do because they believe it is the right thing to do and not necessarily because there is a reward waiting at the end. A prime example of engagement is volunteer work. There is no payment involved, it takes up a lot of time and it is very often ungrateful work. Yet most volunteers do it with passion and perseverance. Why? Because they believe in what they do. Engagement has everything to do with commitment.

Motivation

Here is where the confusion starts. When we talk about motivation, we distinguish two different kinds: intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.

Intrinsic motivation is in fact exactly the same as engagement. It comes from 'within' and it has to do with the joy or fulfillment a certain job or task gives the person, rather than the reward it will bring.

Extrinsic motivation is triggered by external factors. As soon as those factors don't exist anymore, the motivation will be gone as well.

The opponents against motivation strategies are against extrinsic motivational measures like incentives and reward programs and they are absolutely right. Reward programs are counter productive; They usually have a negative return-on-investment in terms of money, employee satisfaction and retention.

What is there against Reward Programs?

Let me share my own experience with you. I started my career as a sales rep for a company that sold copiers, faxes and printers. As often the case, we got paid a commission on top of our – quite low – base salary. On top of that, the company had a few 'reward programs' running. A program for the most sold units in a given period, a program for the most 'new business' and a few more like these.

The worst one was the 'Sales Person of the Month Award'. The one with the most sales in a particular month could hand in the keys to his company car and was allowed to drive the company Porsche Carrera the following month AND he got his own parking spot in front of the building.

What do these reward programs bring? Nothing, really. Guess who always won these rewards? Correct, the people who were always in the top already. Guess who did not try to get one of these rewards? Correct again, the ones at the bottom. They knew up front that they would not stand a chance against the top performers. And guess who tried a few times but never got the 'prize' and became de-motivated? Right, the people in the middle.

So was it motivating? For sure it was, for the group who did need to be motivated; the top performers. They might have sold a bit more but once you are at the top, the room for improvement becomes smaller and smaller. It didn't do a thing for the bottom performers. They were 'untouched' by these programs. It did do a lot for the group in the middle though. That is the group where every sales manager can 'score'. They have potential and a lot of room for improvement. And what did it do? Exactly the opposite of what the program was invented for. They knew that they contributed to the company and they saw that they would never get 'rewarded' for their contribution. How motivating is that?

I hear some people say already: "Then they should make it to the top! Then they will get the rewards as well!" I can score 110% of my target but if other people score 115%, does that make me 'average'? No, it does not. No matter how great your group of sales people is, there will always be a number one and a number last. And reward programs will always reward the numbers one, the people who need it the least.

Extrinsic motivators: short-term strategy

Incentives and reward programs 'motivate' only for as long as the program lasts or even shorter if the employee feels that he won 'win'.

Suppose you have installed a reward for producing a certain number of your product and suppose that everybody is really trying hard. What happens after the deadline? Exactly. People will fall back to their normal production. To get the same results, you'll have to install another reward program and so on.

Engagement: long-term strategy

Let's look at that last example again. Suppose one of your suppliers has delivery problems and therefore your production comes to a halt for a certain period of time and nobody will meet the target for the reward. People that were motivated will not pick up the pace right after the supplier started delivering again, because there is no reward to work for anymore.

There is a group of people who will pick up the pace, despite of the fact that there will be no reward. They have an attitude of 'let's see what we can do to make up for the lost time'. They are in the 'game' for the 'game' and not for the 'prize'. They are engaged.

Engaged employees have endurance. They will continue to bring the task to a good end, despite external challenges and circumstances. They support the goals, mission and values ​​of the company and being part of the organization makes them feel proud. In general, the quality of their work is better. They want to be able to be proud of what they have done while motivated people are like horse with blinders, trying to get to the finish as fast as possible, no matter how.

Engagement goes deep. That also means that the management of an organization has to create an environment where engagement can thrive and flourish. In my next post I will share my thoughts on what you can and have to do to create an engaged team around you.

Let me conclude with a story I heard that describes engagement the best:

Former US President John F. Kennedy came up with a very bold statement in September 1962: "We are going to the moon." Not too long thereafter he paid NASA a visit. While he was there. he asked an employee: "What is your job?". The man answered: "My job is to put a man on the moon." He turned out to be the janitor.

That is 'engagement'. No matter what you do, your work is as important as anybody's as contribution to the mutual goal.

I wish you a lot of engagement.

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Motivation – The 3 Aspects of Human Behavior You Must Know to Succeed

Motivation can be defined in numerous ways, but there are two basic definitions or descriptions. It can be defined as the main reason or reasons that individuals partake in a certain behavior, specifically human behavior pursuant to the study of psychology or neuropsychology. It can also be defined as the driving force that initiates and drives an individual’s behavior. It is the internal energy that propels us to achieve our goals. Typically, it is considered to be a dynamic state of mind not concerned with personality.

There are three aspects of human behavior that motivation is based and founded in:

1. arousal of behavior

2. direction of behavior

3. persistence of behavior

Arousal of behavior relates to a specific thing that activates behavior whereas direction of behavior relates to what is responsible for directing the behavior. Persistence of behavior relates to how the behavior is sustained.

What drives an individual to be successful is referred to as motive. Usually, all motives fall into one of three categories and are considered to be physiological or psychological in nature:

1. homeostatic motives – hunger, respiration, thirst, etc.

2. nonhomeostatic motives – curiosity about the environment, seeking shelter, etc.

3. learned or social motives – achievement, approval, power, social affiliation, etc

In any endeavor that an individual undertakes, motivation (or the lack thereof) is the key element behind the success or failure of the endeavor. It plays a key role in the workplace where the effective performance of an employee is concerned. Management or supervisory personnel have a direct impact and play a significant role in employee motivation in that they employ different motivational techniques to raise productivity levels. It also follows that this has a direct effect on the cooperation levels between the employer and the employee.

Motivation can also be classified as

1. negative or positive

2. obvious or subtle

3. intangible or tangible

Education or learning is also interrelated with motivation and instructors will oftentimes employ motivational techniques to get their students to learn. It can benefit the student by making them more competent as well as encouraging confidence and the ability to solve problems.

Self-motivation has also been classified into two different types:

1. Extrinsic – generated by external factors

2. Intrinsic – generated by internal sensations and is longer-lasting than extrinsic

Self-motivation is considered to be intrinsic in nature, and originates from an individual’s internal drives. It is the basis for overcoming obstacles in the path of achieving one’s goals. Additionally, certain external factors are responsible for driving a person into undertaking a new project or to move in a positive direction. Characteristically, self-motivation is comprised of three factors:

1. beliefs

2. desires

3. values

Since an individual cannot rely on others for motivation, self-motivation has to come from within. It plays a key role wherein the individual gathers the courage and strength to achieve certain goals, and is essential for developing new undertakings or making a positive change in one’s lifestyle. Training programs have been proven to be the best way to educate oneself in order to improve motivation and self-motivation.

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Student Motivation

Student motivation refers to a student's interest, desire, compulsion, and need to participate in and be successful in the learning process. It is generally accepted that student motivation plays a key role in academic learning.

Highly motivated students actively engage more in the learning process than less motivated students. Motivated students have a positive impact on learning. They take advantage of a given opportunity and show intense effort and concentration in the implementation of learning process. Also, they reveal positive emotions such as excitement, enthusiasm, interest, and optimism during learning.

On the other side, the less motivated were found to be less interested in participating in the learning process. Most of them were physically present in the class room but were mentally absent. They often failed to actively engage themselves in the learning tasks. Such students were more likely to stop learning. Less motivated students should be guided so as to develop a favorable attitude towards the learning process.

A teacher or an instructor has a significant role in guiding less motivated students. A technique called attribution retraining, which includes modeling, socialization, and practice exercises, is used to restructure less motivated students. Its aim is to help students to concentrate on the learning task without the fear of failure.

There are two types of student motivation such as extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation is defined as the motivation to engage in an activity in order to obtain rewards or to avoid punishments from an external source. Extrinsically motivated students undertake an activity for the sake of getting good grades or a teacher's approval. Extrinsic motivation is again divided into two such as social motivation and material motivation. Social motivations include approval of teachers, parents, and friends. Good grades, future education, or job security come under material motivations.

Intrinsic motivation refers to engaging in an activity for its own sake, for the pleasure and enjoyment it provides. To be more precise, a student who is intrinsically motivated carries out an action for the learning it permits. Compared to extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation is more desirable as it is the motivation to engage in the learning process for the enjoyment of learning without considering its consequences.

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Should We Start Using Alternative Energy Resources Before We Exhaust Non-Renewable Fuels

At the rate we are currently using our standard fuels scientists say that with in as little as 40 years we will no longer have any more non-renewable fuels to burn. Just like anything else on the planet there’s only a certain amount of this product obtainable and once it’s gone there’s no way to replace it. Our children are going to need to cope with this issue, but it’s possible that we are going to not actually see this in our lifetimes. In this article we are going to be taking a look at what is going to happen to the earth if we continue to use our non-renewable fuels the way we’re using them now.

A thing that you need to bear in mind once our oil is used up, is that we are going to not have the ability to run gas powered machinery which includes automobiles or even create heating oil for our homes. Homes can currently be heated using solar energy and automobiles can be run on electrical energy, but there are still many vehicles and homes that rely on oil. If the men and women on this planet would begin using these alternative resources now before we run out of our oil, it may lengthen the time we have before we run out of oil. There is obviously the chance that we are going to not run out of oil, and this can be assured if everybody would begin using alternative energy sources for their vehicles and to heat their houses.

Solar energy is among the things which can replace our reliance on non-renewable fuels, and it’s an energy source we are going to never need to worry about running out. One of the ways that we can actually utilize the sun to heat our homes is by storing the sun’s energy in battery packs and then working with those batteries to power electric heaters to keep our houses warm. Something else I ought to mention is that utilizing this kind of energy to heat your house is in fact free once you get past the initial setup costs. I ought to also point out that if you’re one of the folks who have an electric automobile, you can take full advantage of the same technology to charge up your automobile without shelling money out to the power company.

You need to keep in mind that the sun is not the only type of alternative energy that we can draw from, as we can also use the wind and water. Even though at this time it’s still simpler to harness the energy from the sun these other options are still available and in time will be just as simple to use.

The fact is, that if we continue burning our standard fuels at the rate we’re doing right now in 40 or 50 years they are going to be used up, and these aren’t renewable. By now I should not have to tell you how important it is to begin to use these alternative energy resources for your energy needs, and the sooner you begin using them the more prepared you are going to be.

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Bike Lanes Prevent Injury and Reduce the Need for an Auto Accident Injury Lawyer

In cities across the United States, drivers may be noticing a narrow separate lane has been added on the side of the street. These designated bike lanes, sometimes marked by a symbol of a bicycle to denote their purpose, are preventing automobile-bicycle accidents across the nation and saving people money they would have spent on hospital bills and an auto accident injury lawyer.

Many people excuses for not making the healthier, more eco-friendly decision to ride a bike instead of a vehicle include issues with safety and not having a smooth, continuous path on which to ride. Many Americans who own bikes simply consider them recreational toys that are meant to be brought to the park to ride around for exercise.

However, the bicycle is slowly reclaiming its place as a viable transportation device. Thanks to the addition of bike lanes in many major cities, more people have been getting to and from work, school and the grocery on two wheels.

Studies have shown that the number of bike accidents decreases as the number of bicyclists on the road increases. The lanes encourage main road bicycling, which has proven to decrease automobile traffic. The greater presence of bicyclists forces those who do choose to drive automobiles to take the lanes seriously and to yield to the more fragile vehicle.

In the Netherlands, for example, the rate of automobile-on-bicycle accidents is about 26 times lower than that of the United States. This is true despite the fact that about 25 percent of their population commutes by bike, while only 1 percent of our population does so. Why? The Netherlands, though a much smaller area, contains over 18,000 miles of segregated bicycle lanes.

The lanes encourage more cycling and less driving, a change that is overall beneficial. More cycling and less driving means less traffic, less pollution, more exercise, more safety and less money one would limit spend on gas, maintenance and an auto accident injury lawyer.

But some people have taken issue with the lanes. In New York, ironically one of the first US cities to establish enforceable bike lanes, protesters argue that the lanes take away from their rights as motor vehicle operators by forcing them to share the road. Other arguments against the lanes include the fact that they take away precious curbside parking spots, run through loading zones originally designated for delivery trucks and sometimes actually cause more traffic because of the narrowed lanes.

However frustrating the adjustment period might be, studies have shown that equipping cities with bike-friendly roadways severely reduces instances of automobile-on-bicycle accidents and injuries. The protection of people lives and physical safety outweighs the minor Inconveniences posed by the lanes.

In the end, most drivers probably would prefer to suck it up and yield to bikers than to have to deal with an auto accident injury lawyer after accidentally knocking a cyclist off of a bicycle-unfriendly roadway.

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Automatic Tunnel Robotic Car Wash Systems And Pre-Prepping Prior To Automobile Washing

Every carwash owner is looking for a system that is fully automatic and robotic for their tunnel carwash so that they do not have to do any pre-prep washing. If you ever go to a fully robotic carwash you might notice before the car goes in there is someone there with a little pressure washer, a brush and a soap mitt getting the car ready to go through the tunnel.

The first time you see this you think yourself why is that person there? Shouldn’t the automatic carwash be good enough to clean the car without any human labor? Well that is the dig really; the truth is no, most of them can’t. It is unfortunate that robotic carwash cleaning equipment costs so much and does not fully clean the car properly. If the carwash owners do not pre-prep the car then there will be customer complaints.

Of course if they do prep the car prior to wash it slows the speed, cuts down the volume of cars that can be washed in the day and changes the consistency of each car washed due to the human element. All this is true of course however, not all cars are created equally. Consider if you will that every car has different bodylines and the robotic carwash system may not be able to get to everything.

Those hard to get to spots can be cleaned in advance and pre-prepped prior to entering the tunnel carwash. There is somewhat of a debate that goes on in the industry, as to whether carwash owners should pre-prepped the cars.

But in the end if the car is not clean enough the customer is not happy and therefore they will not return and you will eventually go into business for not enough customers or get a bad reputation and the competition will end up smoking you in the market place. Please consider all this in 2006.

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Electric Car Motors – How Do Electric Car Motors Work?

The electric car is one of the technological wonders that the century has produced. It has challenged the way we look at automobiles and been able to apply ordinary technology to give owners a new way to drive and own a vehicle. For a long time, man has relied on the internal combustion engine for all his automobile needs. This engine which runs on gasoline principally has dominated the world of automobiles until recently.

In these few years, the trend has begun to change. Now, people are looking for electric cars. The reason is simple – they want a cheaper way to drive. No more expensive gasoline. Some also want to have a cleaner car – one that produces less smoke.

The electric car has all the parts of a regular gasoline car except one thing – it has no internal combustion engine. This means no gasoline. Instead of a gasoline engine, it rather has a motor that powers it to move. This motor is powered by asset of batteries. The batteries are powered by been arranged in a row and then their powers combined to produce enough current for the car to move. As the car moves the power is sued up. The batteries can be recharged after the car has made some miles.

Unlike conventional vehicles, the battery will not have to be recharged so frequently. It may take the car up to about 1200 miles before it needs a recharge. For city driving, this may be about a week or two.

Today, electric cars can make about 90 miles an hour; making them comparable to any mid sized sedan that you can find. With time, this speed will increase and the batteries will have a longer life.

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Ford's Story of Success and Pride

The headquarter of Ford is in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. This is the place where the ex-chief engineer of the Edison Illuminating Company, named Henry Ford founded the, "Ford Motor Company", on June 16, 1903 with a capital amount of $ 28,000 along with twelve other investors. The famous scientist Thomas Alva Edison was a great friend of Henry Ford and he encouraged him to go ahead with his idea and dream of establishing an automobile company which will manufacture simple and affordable car for the Americans.

At the beginning only two to three workers worked on each car. On July 23, 1903 the company sold its first produced car, Ford Model A and Dr. Ernst Pfennig a dentist from Chicago, became the first owner. Other car manufacturers made cars for wealthy people but Ford developed a design and manufacturing method that reduced the price of the Model T, which made its debut in 1908 at a price of $ 825. In its first year a record sale of over 10,000 cars was reached. Four years later the price dropped to $ 575. By 1914 Ford claimed a share of 48% of the automobile market. The car was sold like hot cakes. With the rise in demand, Ford was able to reduce the assembly time of the Model T from 12.5 hours to less than 6 hours. Ford created history and became the change maker of the automobile market.

World War 1 came to be a turning point as it changed the course of automotive history. Henry Ford was able to draw a large profit at that time. Ford Model T cars were used by the several armies for war purpose. It not only served as ambulances but also as delivery trucks, staff cars and artillery movers. As soon as America joined the war, Ford started producing ambulances, trucks, vans, tanks and submarine chasers. Ford's Trafford Park factory in Manchester supplied the British army with 30,000 Model Ts as ambulances and transporters of troops, water and munitions carriers.

When World War II started there was a boost in Ford's economy as they were serving both the sides. They produced roughly around 2,82,352 war Jeeps in the years 1941-1945. Ford's bomber plant at Willow Run, located in the Detroit suburbs manufactured automobiles for war and not for public transportation. Ford V3000 ambulances were used in World War II by the Germans. Ford of Germany built a total of 80,000 trucks for the German army during the war.

Ford did not limit itself in manufacturing only cars. They also manufactured trucks, vans and tractors. In 1925 they also manufactured airplanes. They also produced some important cars in the history of automobiles apart from the Ford Model T. Ford 150 Pickup remained a best seller for almost six decades. Ford Mustang is the first American "muscle car". Ford F-150 SVT Raptor, Lincoln Continental, Ford Thunderbird, Ford Transit, Ford Capri, Ford Escort is some of the most popular Ford cars.

Engines play a vital role in car's success. Ford produced 3, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 cylinder engines till date. Some of the important engines manufactured by Ford, are Ford Model T engine, Flathead V-8 engine, Cobra Jet engine, Boss engine, Ecoboost engine, etc. The 1.0 Ecoboost is a UK-designed 3-cylinder engine which has won awards from industry judges and experts. The Ecoboost engine is developed to be more fuel saving, more Eco friendly and less costly. Ford is not only famous for producing beautiful cars, but also for producing one of the best engines and creating history in the competitive automobile market.

The Ford family is a proud owner of the company for more that 100 years. It is one of the few notable brands in the world whose ownership stayed in the family of the founder for more than a century. They take pride in producing the first ever car for the common man by breaking the idea that a car is a rich man's property. Ford always created examples in the automobile industry. "$ 5 day", is an important day in the history of mankind because around 10,000 people gave line with a desire to get employed at Ford when there was a salary hike of $ 5 per day. It created an impact within the society as well as in the automobile industry as the production rate and quality of Ford cars got raised after the hike.

Today Ford factories are located in the USA, Britain, Germany, India, Brazil, Portugal, Argentina, Russia, Spain and many more. Henry Ford is considered to not only be a car manufacturer, but a change maker who changed the fate of the automobile industry.

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What Is Meant By Automobile Insurance Standard Coverage?

Automobile insurance standard coverage is the basic amount of insurance coverage that is required by law in order for an individual to legally operate a motorized vehicle. You can simply it even further with the blanket statement as being the mandatory amount of auto insurance coverage a driver must possess.

The most important part of anyone's car insurance policy is the liability coverage. This coverage protects the consumer against the cost of damages and injury that is a direct result of that same consumer if they are the cause of a vehicular accident. For instance if you're driving down the road and accidentally run into another person's car this insurance coverage will pay for the damages that result due to the accident.

The liability coverage is further broken down into two subsections. The first is bodily injury liability. This covers and personal injury inflicted by yourself upon others during a car accident. The second subsection is property damage liability. As you may have guessed this is your insurance protection against any damage you cause to another individuals property, usually their car.

Although coverage amounts can vary it is generally suggested that a good baseline of automobile insurance standard coverage should be 100/300/100. This can be read as $ 100,000 worth of bodily injury caused to another person, $ 300,000 towards bodily injuries for everyone involved and $ 100,000 for property damage. With rising medical costs and outrageous car prices this would be the absolute minimum insurance protection I would personally carry in my automobile insurance standard coverage. However, each state is different and you will need to check to see what their car insurance laws constitute as a minimum coverage amount.

If you are in a financial crunch and need a way to save money on your insurance policy try to avoid retaining only the minimum amount of coverage required by your state. Instead try raising your deductible amount (the amount you pay first in the event of an accident before your insurance company kicks in with its payment). You will find that by raising the amount $ 500 or $ 750 will significantly lower the monthly costs of your automobile insurance standard coverage.

Two other policies that exist include the medical payments insurance which provides for the immediate treatment of injuries sustained during an auto accident. Anyone riding in your vehicle to include yourself is covered, regardless of who is at fault for the accident. The second policy is commonly known as PIP or personal injury protection, is similar to medical payments coverage, but usually provides broader coverage. Many PIP policies provide compensation for lost wages, funeral expenses, and pain and suffering. Again you will need to check with your state insurance laws for further clarification if you are required to have this additional coverage.

Finally as a safety measure against law breaking individuals who illegally drive without insurance there is uninsured motorist insurance when the other driver has no liability coverage and underinsured motorist coverage which pays for the cost of your injuries that exceed the other driver's coverage maximum. As before with the PIP coverage you will need to make sure whether or not your particular state requires these forms of coverage as part of their automobile insurance standard coverage.

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4 Most Common Extraordinary Automobile Accidents Circumstances

In some situations, auto accident litigation may be a relatively simple type of case. But it can become much more complicated in cases involving substantial injuries with questionable insurance coverage limits on the other vehicle. The following article will discuss 4 main extraordinary circumstances that can often add complex issues to an already emotional and physically painful time following an accident. However, understanding these 4 situations can help make the aftermath of an auto accident and its subsequent injuries a much smoother experience.

Leased Cars

Not only is the operator of the at-fault vehicle responsible to anyone injured in an auto accident, but the owner of the vehicle is also responsible. The owner is responsible for the negligence of the operator, when that operation occurs with the permission of the owner. This is extremely important when the vehicle at fault is leased.

These days, there are a great number of cars and trucks on the road being driven on a lease basis. Because of this, it may be critical to go beyond the name on the registration to find out the exact owner of the vehicle. It is a fact that when a vehicle is leased from a big car company, the registration will simply bear the name of the user of the vehicle, the lessee. However, the actual owner of the vehicle, the lessor, is usually a major corporation with unlimited insurance coverage.

It is unfortunate for the severely injured victim when, as happens many times, the at-fault vehicle’s actual ownership is never discovered and the additional insurance is never disclosed.

Business Vehicles

Though it is common for companies to put their names in bold letters on their business vehicles, it is not always the case. When accidents occur, many times there is no indication that the vehicle was being used for business purposes. In fact, it may appear to the casual observer that the vehicle was not being used for business at the time. The only way to find out if the vehicle was being used for business is doing an in-depth investigation.

If a vehicle is being operated by an employee during the course of his or her employment, then the employer may be “vicariously responsible” for the negligence of their employee in operating that vehicle. It is very possible that the employer has additional liability coverage far exceeding that of the driver. An “excess” insurance policy may also exist.

Defects

One of the causes of an auto accident may be a highway defect, such as improper design, maintenance, construction, signage, or lighting. Liability may also be based on improper striping on the road’s passing lanes, a hill that impairs driver visibility, a sharp obstruction or problem with the roadway that obstructs drivers’ vision. Trees and utility poles can also cause problems when planted or erected too close to the roadway.

The Seatbelt Defense

While seatbelts and airbags provide an important function and do prevent serious injuries or death to people involved in accidents, they are not guarantees that you will not be killed or injured in a serious accident.

Seatbelts and airbags can fail or cause injury in and of themselves. But yet, the seatbelt defense, often used by attorneys defending at-fault drivers, seeks to establish that some, or all, of the plaintiff’s injuries were caused by the failure to wear a seatbelt.

All in all, it is essential that a routine investigation be done, in any case involving a vehicular accident. Police records must be obtained, witnesses interviewed and photographs taken immediately of the accident scene and damage to the vehicles. Prompt contact must be made with the insurance company of the negligent driver to learn of the available coverage limits and attempt to find out additional information from the adjuster regarding possible other areas for coverage. Many times, the at-fault driver’s insurance company adjuster will attempt to record a statement from the victim, without advice of counsel. This should never be permitted.

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